Dentists' Office of The Hudson Valley
1733 Ulster Avenue, Lake Katrine, NY 12449

Glossary of Dental Terms in Lake Katrine, NY

A

Amalgam – Material made from mercury and other alloy mixtures used to restore a drilled portion of a tooth.
Anesthesia – Medications used to relieve pain.
Anterior teeth – Front teeth. Also called incisors and cuspids.
Arch – The upper or lower jaw.

B

Baby bottle tooth decay – Caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices, which combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby?s mouth.
Bicuspids – Back teeth used for chewing.
Bitewings – X-rays that help a dentist diagnose cavities.
Bonding – Application of tooth-colored resin materials to the surface of the teeth.
Bridge – A fixed or removable appliance that replaces lost teeth.
Bruxism – Teeth grinding.

C

Calculus – A sticky substance (also called tartar) that has hardened.
Canal – The narrow chamber inside the tooth?s root.
Canines – Also called cuspids.
Canker sore – One that occurs on the delicate tissues inside your mouth. A canker sore is usually light-colored at its base and can have a red exterior border.
Caries – Another term for decay, which causes cavities.
Cold sore – Usually occurs on the outside of the mouth, usually on or near the nose or lips. A cold sore is contagious because it is caused by the herpes simplex virus, and it is usually painful and filled with fluid.
Composite filling – Tooth colored restorations, also known as resin fillings.
Composite resin – A tooth-colored resin combined with silica or porcelain and used as a restoration material.
Contouring – The process of reshaping teeth.
Crown – An artificial cover that is placed on the top of a tooth following restoration.
Cusps – The pointed parts on top of the back teeth?s chewing surface.
Cuspids – Front teeth that typically have a protruding edge.

D

Dentin – The tooth layer underneath the enamel.
Denture – A removable set of teeth.

E

Endodontics – A form of dentistry that addresses problems affecting the tooth?s root or nerve.

F

Fluoride – A naturally occurring substance added to water, toothpastes and some rinses and used for strengthening the tooth?s enamel.
Fluorosis – A harmless over-exposure to fluoride and resulting sometimes in tooth discoloration.

G

Gingiva – Another word for gum tissue.
Gingivitis – A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque.
Gum disease – An infection of the gum tissues. Also called periodontal disease.

I

Impacted teeth – A condition in which a tooth fails to erupt or only partially erupts.
Implant – A permanent appliance used to replace a missing tooth.
Incisor – Front teeth with cutting edges; located in the center or on the sides near the front.
Inlay – An artificial filling made of various materials, including porcelain, resin, or gold.

L

Laminate veneer – A shell that is bonded to the enamel of a front tooth. The shell is usually thin and made from porcelain resin.
Laser – Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. A single wavelength beam of highly concentrated energy.

M

Malocclusion – Bad bite relationship.
Mandible – The lower jaw.
Maxilla – The upper jaw.
Molar – Usually the largest teeth, near the rear of the mouth. Molars have large chewing surfaces.

N

Neuromuscular Dentistry – are more than the aches and pains felt in around the neck and head that are associated with your teeth and jaw.

O

Onlay – A filling designed to protect the chewing surface of a tooth.
Orthodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw alignment.
Overdenture – A non-fixed dental appliance applied to a small number of natural teeth or implants.

P

Palate – Roof of the mouth.
Partial denture – A removable appliance that replaces teeth. Also called a bridge.
Pedodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with children?s teeth.
Perio pocket – An opening formed by receding gums.
Periodontal disease – Infection of the gum tissues. Also called gum disease.
Periodontist – A dentist who treats diseases of the gums.
Permanent teeth – The teeth that erupt after primary teeth. Also called adult teeth.
Plaque – A sticky, colorless substance that covers the teeth after sleep or periods between brushing.
Posterior teeth – The bicuspids and molars. Also called the back teeth.
Primary teeth – A person?s first set of teeth. Also called baby teeth or temporary teeth.
Prophylaxis – The act of cleaning the teeth.
Prosthodontics – The field of dentistry that deals with artificial dental appliances.
Pulp – The inner tissues of the tooth containing blood, nerves and connective tissue.

R

Receding gum – A condition in which the gums separate from the tooth, allowing bacteria and other substances to attack the tooth?s enamel and surrounding bone.
Resin filling – An artificial filling used to restore teeth. Also called a composite filling.
Root canal – A procedure in which a tooth?s nerve is removed and an inner canal cleansed and later filled.
Root planing – Scraping or cleansing of teeth to remove heavy buildup of tartar below the gum line.

S

Sealant – A synthetic material placed on the tooth?s surface that protects the enamel and chewing surfaces.

T

TMJ – Temporomandibular joint disorder. Health problems related to the jaw joint just in front of the ear.
Tarter – A hardened substance (also called calculus) that sticks to the tooth?s surface.

V

Veneer – A laminate applied or bonded to the tooth.

W

Whitening – A process that employs special bleaching agents for restoring the color of teeth.
Wisdom tooth – Third set of molars that erupt last in adolescence.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Some people just do a job but these folks truley care the staff there is unlike any ive seen and as for dr OH your kindness and gentle hand i need to say no more just saying………..
Tom W.
Absolutely the best dental office around, staff is
Greg K.
Very pleased – whole family goes there, and have always received excellent care
Donna L.
Had some work done there recently, and the staff went above and beyond! Highly recommended if you need a friendly and comfortable environment. Dr. Hinkle, Kristen, and Shana are the best!
Kyle S.
I had a great experience at the Dentist Office Of the Hudson Valley. It’s a very clean and modern facility with friendly staff. My hygienist Katie was very friendly and professional and I had a […]
Brandon S.
My family has been coming here for years, and have always had an outstanding experience! My children actually look forward to coming, thanks to Dr. Brian’s great way with kids! The other […]
Heather L.
Very fast and friendly. Great consultation and excellent reception
Tabitha O.
The office staff are friendly and very helpful. My hygienist, Brittany, is just awesome! She has so much knowledge and is kind and funny, too. Dr. Shah is great. I have nothing but praise for this […]
Sue K.
Very clean office and very pleasant staff. Dr. Yoo is my favorite and flawlessly helps me cope with my dental anxiety.
Dan P.
Staff is awesome and friendly. Was as pleasant as going to the dentist can be!
Tracy F.
Thank you Dr. Shah your a real genious Thanks for helping me with my throbbing tooth ace .Even if you were busy with other patients . I saw you take on two patients at the same time but yet you knew […]
Robert O.
I don’t think anyone wakes up and thinks , I can’t wait to go to the dentist , I know I don’t. But when you enter the Dentists Office of Hudson Valley and are greeted so cordially […]
Joe P.
Honestly I never thought I would ever in my 49 years write a dental review let alone a five star one! The entire office staff is stellar, especially Athena and Melissa. I have had nothing but […]
Marlo M.
I was extremely pleased with my care and treatment at the office.
Anonymous
I would like to extend a great big thank you to Mary, Front office staff and Kristen Assistant, for the great care they gave me through my dental emergency. They are always pleasant, happy and […]
Lisa L.
Dr. Oshman, periodontist, is the best. If she ever leaves and goes somewhere else, I would drive 200 miles. Caring and excellent at what she does. Her assistant, Alyssa, is an extremely kind person […]
GREGORY D.
We always have a great experience at The Dentists Office of the Hudson Valley. They are wonderful with adults and my children and have been very accommodating in emergency situations. Katie, our […]
Lesley K.
The best dentist!!! Thank you
Anonymous
My daughter lost her first tooth and went to show Dr. Brian. She was so excited and the girls at the front desk were awesome. They brought us back so my daughter could get a big high five from Dr. […]
Tracy F.
Absolutely amazing! My 3 year old had his first appointment today, and has not stopped talking about it yet! Thankyou Dr. Bryan for making this such a comfortable and fun appointment! We look forward […]
Alyssa V.
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Mon. – 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Tue. – 8:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Wed. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Thu. – 8:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Fri. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Sat. – 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
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Phone: (845) 512-1230
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  • Tuesday 8:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Wednesday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Thursday 8:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
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